Gastritis is an inflammation, irritation, or erosion of the lining of the stomach & is preventable. It could be symptom free or can present with nausea or recurrent stomach upset, abdominal bloating and/or pain, vomiting, indigestion, burning or gnawing feeling in the stomach between meals or at night, hiccups, loss of appetite, vomiting blood or coffee ground-like material and/or Black tarry stools etc.
If diagnosed at an early stage, then it becomes easy to treat. If gastritis is left untreated, may become acute and even lead to a severe loss of blood, could be life threatening and may increase the risk of developing stomach cancer too.
Gastritis can also be caused by the use of certain medicines such as Aspirin or other anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS which are widely used by many elderly for relieving pain in Arthritis and other type of chronic pain). Regular use of NSAIDS increases the risk for gastritis & esophagitis, stomach bleeding and ulcers. But sometimes a person cannot avoid certain substances that cause gastritis and hence is advised to consult a health-care professional before stopping any medication.
Gastritis may also be caused by any of the following:
- Helicobacter pylori (H. Pylori): A bacteria that lives in the stomach mucosa; without treatment, the infection can lead to ulcers, and in some people, stomach cancer.
- Pernicious : A form of anaemia that occurs when the stomach lacks a naturally occurring substance needed to properly absorb and digest vitamin B12
- Bile reflux: A backflow of bile into the stomach from the bile tract (that connects to the liver and gallbladder)
- Infections caused by bacteria and viruses
There are certain preventions of gastritis, which need to be followed:
- Avoid stress, tension and worries as much possible.
- Avoid cigarette smoking or alcohol drinking.
- Have proper and a balanced meal consisting of fruits, vegetables, and cereals pulses. The growth of H. Pylori may be stopped by a diet rich in fiber, and foods that contain flavonoids, like onion, garlic, berries, legumes, soy foods, parsley, broccoli etc. Butter milk is also an effective remedy for treating gastritis.
- Give proper gap between meals and avoid eating heavy dinner.
- Have dinner at least one to two hours before going to bed. Avoid lying after dinner at least for 45 mints to 1 hr
- Drink plenty of water; but not with the meal/ immediate after food as it can delay the digestion process.
- Make a habit of eating food slowly and chew your food properly.
- You can have skimmed milk preparations like yoghurt and cottage cheese.
- Avoid consumption of spices, tea, coffee, sour foods, pickles and fried food.
- Breathing and some light exercises like walking, cycling and yoga is recommended. The advantage of exercise is that, it helps the food to move within your intestine quickly for proper digestion.
- Avoid too much use of medicines which causes gastritis
- Consult the physician if there is a rise in any complications.
If you wish to discuss a particular case or have a question in this regard, please call Dr. Sumana Roy at +91 99800 67000 or +91 80 2258 6700 or drop a note to her at email@example.com. We will be happy to help!