Breathing exercises are part of a physiotherapy treatment program designed to improve pulmonary status & to improve a client’s overall endurance and function in an activity of daily living (ADL). Breathing exercises are also known as Ventilator training. Ventilator training is very productive in the elderly with Lung diseases, Spinal deformities like kyphosis, scoliosis etc, Post surgery condition e.g. Abdomen or Cardiac Surgeries and elders suffering from Cervical spondylitis.

Goals of ventilator training in elderly:

It increases the effectiveness of the cough mechanism and promotes airway clearance. It also prevents postoperative pulmonary complications. It helps to improve the strength, endurance, and coordination of the muscles of ventilation. It helps to maintain or improve chest and thoracic spine mobility. It helps to correct inefficient or abnormal breathing patterns and decrease the work of breathing. It promotes relaxation and relieves stress. It helps to improve a patient’s overall functional capacity for daily living, occupational, and recreational activities.

Effective breathing technique includes:

1. Breathe through the nose as much as possible. The nose pre-warms, moistens, and filters the air before it reaches the lungs.

2. Stand erect with your hands to the side. Begin to inhale slowly and concentrate on allowing the air to fill the lower portion of your lungs first. To do this you must relax your abdominal, or stomach, muscles.

3. While still inhaling, let the air fill the middle portion of the lungs as you let the rib cage relax and expand.

4. Continue inhaling as the upper part of the lungs fill. As this happens, gently raise your collarbone and pull your shoulders up and back.

5. Now exhale reversing the above sequence—that is, let the air release from the upper lungs by relaxing the collarbone and shoulders, then the middle portion of the lungs, and so forth.

6. Make sure your breaths are even, and visualize each section of the lungs completely filling with air. As you fill the upper portion of the lungs, picture your chest expanding and your shoulders becoming more erect and higher.

Benefits of deep breathing and why you should make it part of your everyday living:

To know more about the program or for an appointment with our Specialist team, please call DR. SHRUTI SAMPATH SHETTY at +91 99800 67000 or +91 80 2258 6700 or email us at We will be happy to assist you.