Dementia is a general term for a decline in mental ability severe enough to interfere with daily life. Dementia is not a specific disease, it’s an overall term that describes a wide range of symptoms associated with a decline in memory or other thinking skills severe enough to reduce a person’s ability to perform everyday activities. Memory loss is an example. Alzheimer’s is a most common example for it.

Symptoms can vary greatly from patient to patient. Atleast two of the following core mental functions must be significantly impaired to be considered dementia: Memory; Communication and language; Ability to focus and pay attention; Reasoning and judgement & Visual perception.

There are many types of dementia with different possible causes. Pick’s disease, Huntington’s disease, Alzheimer’s disease & Vascular dementia are few types of Dementia. Stages of Dementia in an elderly could vary from No impairment, to being very mild or mild to moderate to moderately severe and then severe or very severe.

Dementia and Physiotherapy

Elderly people with Dementia usually experience mobility issues associated with falls, fractures and admission to long term care. They also experience impairment in cognitive functions. Mobility problems in the elderly with Dementia include Musculoskeletal problems like weakness in thigh muscle can affect a person’s gait & features like rigidity, balance problems, problems with movement initiation, visuospatial impairment, shuffling gait, loss of arm swing etc.

Administering Physiotherapy treatment can help them in their mobility as well as cognitive function improvement. At KITES we undertake a detailed physiotherapy assessment of the elderly impacted by Dementia and provide them with appropriate rehab program.

If you wish to discuss a particular case or have a question in this regard, please call Ms Lakshmi / Ms Mona at +91 99800 67000 or +91 80 2258 6700 or drop a note to her at We will be happy to help!